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simplified illustration of a dynamically uncoiling horn torus coordinate:
the 'unrolling line' starts parallel to longitudes on a very small horn torus,
forms Lissajous figures, when passing rational ratios revolution : rotation,
which are shown as resonances with short stops during increase of size,
and approaches infinite size with parallels to latitudes, without resonances.
sharp resonances represent fermions, the sections between them bosons
and the lines without any resonances on big tori (ratio << 1) are photons.
in this way all kinds of elementary particles are beaded on one thread,
within one single coordinate, forming an unique fundamental 'entity'.
related animations:  photon-electron-transition  gluon exchange  (16 MB)

 enter website    © Wolfgang W. Daeumler