4. Has time a direction?|
The mental image of nested (interlaced) horn tori gives evident answers to various fundamental questions, the first concerning time:
In the horn torus image the mode of interaction between particles in our surrounding and all other particles of the universe, the huge number of the very distant as well, implicates a property that we identify as time. We will see that the time axis can be replaced by the horns of big tori and that makes an additional dimension, representing time, completely redundant.
So, as time seems to be an auxiliary psychological construct and obviously is artificially introduced into physical equations to describe natural laws, the arrow of time doesn't exist a priori.
Consequently it doesn't make sense to raise questions about reversal of time. One can reflect about meaning of interaction in the 'opposite' direction and, maybe, you will come to this conclusion: reversal revolution of a horn torus annihilates this 'particle' and a corresponding one, removes both from 'time' axis and leaves behind only the difference of rotations. And, maybe, you will associate this process with antiparticle annihilation. Accordingly, when using time as auxiliary dimension, you will describe antimatter as moving backwards in time. And in our system time-reversal has no relation to the law of cause and effect.
Are different times thinkable, distinct from our experienced time?
Easily! The direction of revolution - time axis of our explorable universe - is haphazard. In a superordinated space there are many, perhaps infinite different directions. Imagine our time axis fixed in the analogon to our three-dimensional space. Imagine a second time axis, tilted a bit, and you see, its horn tori cannot interact with ours - they don't have the same tangent as ours. Perhaps they are part of a different universe. Perhaps there are many, perhaps a infinite number of universes outside our time axis. And we cannot recognize them. Or can we? What happens, when all time axes change their directions in the superordinated space? Perhaps in a way like precession? - Thrilling reflections ...
Many more exciting interpretations concerning time arise from the complex horn tori properties, e.g. interesting 'intrinsic' times. Disclosure will follow ...